Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices.Each choice in the bank isidentified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once. Questions 36 to 45 are based on the following passage.
For many Americans,2013 ended with an unusually bitter cold spell.Late November and December（36）early snow and bone-chilling temperatures in much of the country, part of a year when, for the first time in two（37）, record-cold days will likely turn out to have oumumbered record-warm ones. But the U. S. was the exception: November was the warmest ever（38）, and current data indicates that 2013 is likely to have been the fourth hottest year on record. Enjoy the snow now, because（39）are good that 2014 will be even hotter, perhaps the hottest year since records have been kept. That's because, scientists are predicting,2014 will be an El Nifio Year. El Nino, Spanish for "the child",（40）when surface ocean waters in the southern Pacific become abnormally warm. So large is the Pacific, covering 30% of the planet's surface, that the（41）energy generated by its warming is enough to touch off a series of weather changes around the world. El Ninos are（42）with abnormally dry conditions in Southeast Asia and Australia. They can lead to extreme rain in parts of North and South America, even as southern Africa（43）dry weather. Marine life may be affected too: E1 Ninos can（44）the rising of the cold, nutrient-rich ( 营养丰富的） water that supports large fish（45）, and the unusually warm ocean temperatures can destroy coral ( 珊瑚).